«THE CITY HAS A BEGINNING»
1858 – 1880
Section "Antiquities of Khabarovsk".
The thematic complex of the exhibition “Antiquities of Khabarovsk” presents artifacts of several archaeological cultures that were discovered at different times in the city of Khabarovsk during archaeological excavations. There are artifacts is made of ceramics, metal, stone, wood, which belong to the epochs of the New Stone Age, Early Iron Age and the Middle Ages. The central place is occupied by the reconstruction of the medieval dwelling of the Jurchens, whose monuments were discovered in the city of Khabarovsk.
Section "Ethnography: settlements of the indigenous inhabitants of the city of Khabarovsk"
The section “Ethnography: settlements of the indigenous inhabitants of the city of Khabarovsk” presents objects that characterize the material culture of the indigenous population of the Amur Region - Nanai. Several Nanai settlements were located on the territory of Khabarovsk, including in the area of the city's modern embankment. The subjects reveal the main occupations that the Nanai people were engaged in - fishing and hunting, as well as their cultural and economic relations with immigrants and peoples living in the adjacent territory of the Qing Empire. The exposition presents the reconstruction of a fragment of the Nanai dwelling and their traditional means of transportation - a boat.
Section "The Amur problem and the first researchers of the Amur Region in Khabarovsk"
The section “Amur Question and the First Researchers of the Amur Region in Khabarovsk” presents copies of photographs, reproductions of paintings and ancient maps that show the first steps in the development of the Amur Region. The portrait of count N.N. Muravyov-Amursky and a map of the Ussuri region can be distinguished among the exhibits. You can also meet the most famous researchers of the Amur region, many of whom were members of the imperial Russian geographical society. Here are rare exhibits which include antique measuring instruments of the XIX century.
Section “Foundation of the village of Khabarovka. The first settlers and buildings "
There are copies of photographs, reproductions of paintings and old maps are presented which show the first builder of the city - Captain Yakov Vasilievich Dyachenko, the city's development plan, the first buildings, etc. This was the first stage in the life of the city and its material culture was shown by military artifacts (old bullets), coins, church utensils, etc.
The section “Frontiersman - cossacks and peasantry”
The “Izba” and “Barn” complexes reveals in detail the everyday life of the first city dwellers. Two thematic complexes - a peasant hut and a cossack barn - are filled with exhibits showing different aspects of the life of frontiersmans. These are fabrics (traditional clothing and its elements), implements (agricultural implements, horse harness, etc.), dishes , as well as such a rare exhibit as the cossack lullaby.
“FROM THE HISTORY OF KHABAROVSK SELF-GOVERNMENT”
Section "The apartment of a prosperous city dweller"
This section of the exhibition presents the interior of the apartment of a wealthy city dweller of the late XIX - early XX centuries.
The gramophone of the beginning of the XX centuries can be noted among the rare and valuable exhibits. and a record with one side.
Section "Education and the Church"
The fragment of the classroom of an educational institution in the city of Khabarovsk in the 19th century as well as a reconstruction of the uniform that existed at that time is presented in the section “Education and the Church”. As for the church, the most characteristic objects of the church cult are represented here - the hymnal and icons.
Section "Pharmaceutical business"
There was a whole network of pharmacies in that times in Khabarovsk. One of the most famous pharmacists in Khabarovsk was L. M. Grabovsky. Fragments of his pharmacy are presented in the section. An interesting exhibit is a set of magnifying glasses in here.
Section "Khabarovsk Transport"
The horse transport was developed, which is represented by the so-called crews in Khabarovsk. The exposition presents a full-sized example of the reconstruction of a horse-drawn wheeled vehicle, on which Khabarovsk residents moved more than a hundred years ago. In during winter they continued to use the sleigh in addition to horse-drawn carriages, a genuine example of which is in the section.
Section "Wooden Architecture"
This section presents a fragment of the wooden architecture of Khabarovsk at its early stages of development in the status of a city (1880s). Here you can also see exhibits related to the fire service of the city, since their timely performance of their duties was extremely important for the townspeople with the absolute predominance of buildings, which were made of wood.
The office of the mayor of the city was recreated. You can see many attributes of the daily activities of the mayor of Khabarovsk, including paper knife, old forms, typewriter of the 19th century etc.
Section "Khabarovsk Enterprises"
The city was actively growing and developing, new enterprises and goods appeared. The trade ties of Khabarovsk entrepreneurs with other cities and countries rapidly strengthened. Wide variety of products - containers from local and imported beer, a separator, a sewing machine, etc - are presented in the trading window of a Khabarovsk entrepreneur at the beginning of the 20th century. One of the most developed areas was the production of bricks, samples of which with different brands are also presented in the window.
"KHABAROVSK IS IN TIMES OF FIRST WORLd War, Revolution and Civil War"
Section "The First World War"
The First World War began in 1914. Many Khabarovsk residents were called up to the front, while others provided assistance to the army. You can find out with both individual personalities represented on photo documents and those items - samples of military equipment, ammunition and weapons that were used by Khabarovsk residents on the front line in the complex dedicated to this period,. These are samples of firearms, helmets of the Entente and the Triple Alliance, bayonets and bayonet-knives for rifles and carbines, a military ID of the time, awards, cockades and even one of the first Russian lighters. Prisoners of war — Austrians, Germans, and even Turks left the page in the historical past of Khabarovsk. They were in the suburbs of Khabarovsk in during that period. They are told about copies of photo documents and special banknotes issued for prisoners of war.
Revolution took place in the capital of the Russian Empire, Petrograd In February 1917. When news of these events reached Khabarovsk, the leading local newspapers were full of sensational headlines on the front pages of publications, copies of which are presented in the exposition. The victory of the revolution was announced from the balcony of the Khabarovsk City Hall, a fragment of which was also recreated in the exhibition. In December 1917, Soviet power was proclaimed in the Far East in the building of the former Governor General, a copy of the facade of which can be seen in the exposition of the hall and photocopies of participants in the third congress of councils in the Far East.
Section “Atamanism” and “Intervention”
Soviet power was replaced by the regime of the ataman of the Ussuri Cossacks I.P. Kalmykov in 1918, who largely held on to the support of the Japanese invaders. Two thematic complexes - “Ataman Kalmykov's Staff Car” and “The Office of the Commander of the American Expeditionary Force in the Far East” reflect these events. The subject line is represented by various banknotes of those years, a typewriter and a rather rare exhibit - a genuine 1909 telephone.
Section "Partisan Movement and the Underground"
From 1918 to 1920 a partisan and underground movement arises and operates in the city against the American and Japanese invaders and the chieftain Kalmykov. Partisan detachments and bases emerge and operate in the suburbs of Khabarovsk, one of which is recreated in this exposition - it presents the internal appearance and the most typical objects that were used by the partisans - weapons, tools, etc.
Section "Far Eastern Republic"
The final stage of this period is represented by a section devoted to the Far Eastern Republic (1920-1922) and the events of the end of 1921 - beginning of 1922, when a confrontation unfolded between the White Rebels and the Far Eastern Army. The culmination of this event was the battle on the Volochaevskaya hill in 1922. The exposition presents objects found at the battlefield - a revolver, fragments of a rifle, etc.
Section "Belopovstrans" and "Emigration"
White Rebels defeated and went to China like many other Khabarovsk residents. In the section of the exposition, reflecting the life and life of the Khabarovsk citizens in exile, objects of their everyday life are presented - elements of a tea service, decorations and even wooden Easter eggs. Also presented are copies of the few documents that have survived from the White Rebel.
Section "The First Komsomol Members"
Many undergrounds and partisans at this time became the first members of the Komsomol organization. Copies of photo documents that show these events are also in the section.
After the end of the Civil War and intervention, the restoration of the economy and other spheres of urban life destroyed in the process of wars and other events begins.
You can see genuine documents and copies of photo documents related to the largest and most famous enterprises of Khabarovsk of those years - the factories named after Molotov, them. Kaganovich and them.Ordzhonikidze, as well as with plant them. Gorky. This exhibition complex presents some product samples and tools that were used in their production.
“Social sphere” section
It contains photo documents on the development of medicine and education in the city - the emergence of the first higher education institutions - medical and pedagogical institutes, etc. As exhibits are presented research equipment - microscopes.
“A flat of migrants” section
The skilled workers were needed for the construction and operation of new enterprises., a new wave of immigrants arrives in Khabarovsk in this regard. The interior of the room is shown and as exhibits you can see those objects that the immigrants brought with them to their new place of residence in the thematic complex “Migrants' Room”.
"Architecture of Khabarovsk" section
You can see photographic materials about the ongoing active construction in the city and architectural monuments of that period which were made in a completely new architectural style - constructivism.
20-30s - It was a formidable time when Khabarovsk was at the forefront of the country's defense. Its role increased even more after the conflict on the Chinese Eastern Railway (CER) in 1929 and the japanese occupation of the territory of Manchuria - the north-east of modern China.
Restless Time” section
It presents rare photo documents and exhibits related to this conflict as well as events on Lake Khasan in 1938, in which Khabarovsk residents also participated. there was a military headquarters in Khabarovsk. The complex “Apartment of the Red Army Commander” shows the typical furnishings of the apartment of senior commanders of the Red Army.
At that time, various sports societies, such as flying clubs, etc., were actively created and developed in the city. Information about them is also presented in the form of copies of photo documents on the stands.
“One Victory for All”
Terrible time for the country and Khabarovsk. With the outbreak of war, two sides of life arise for people in the country - the rear and the front. Many thousands of Khabarovsk citizens were called up and voluntarily went to the fronts of the Great Patriotic War to engage in mortal combat with a very strong adversary - Germany and many European countries, which together with Germany took part in the so-called campaign to the East - the war against the Soviet Union.
Genuine exhibits are presented that relate to those countries that fought with the USSR - Germany, France, Italy, Finland, Spain, Romania in the thematic complex "Opponents".
The trains went to the west. Soviet soldiers including Khabarovsk citizens went to the front in trains.
The thematic complex “Teplushka” shows how they were arranged, what items soldiers had with them when they moved in such trains.
Many Khabarovsk residents did not return from the war and were buried far from home.
Thematic complex “One of the Millions” is dedicated to the fate of one of the many Khabarovsk citizens who died at the front. With the outbreak of war Khabarovsk becomes the center of the so-called The Far Eastern Front, which held back the vast Japan empire on the far frontiers. It was headed by an outstanding Soviet military leader I.R. Apanasenko.
The thematic complex “The Office of the Commander of the Far Eastern Front” reflects the interior of the office of the commander. Stationary firing points - pillboxes - appear along the entire Far Eastern border. The thematic complex "Dot" reproduces one of these firing points.
It presents the genuine subject of armament - the Maxim system machine gun in a stationary version.
When the war began, the city lived its measured daily life. The announcement of the beginning of the war led to deep concern among the Khabarovsk citizens.
The thematic complex “June 22 in Khabarovsk” became by reflection of these moods which presents the situation in the houses of Khabarovsk residents in the first days and months of the war.
Khabarovsk has become a reliable center of the rear in the Far East. Various samples of captured weapons were sent and studied here from the front.
Reflection of these processes was the thematic complex "Confrontation". You can see a variety of samples of Soviet and captured handguns. During the war years, mass production and repair of weapons and military equipment began at the enterprises of Khabarovsk - at the plants named after Molotov, named after Kaganovich, named after Gorky, which was reflected in the thematic complex “Factories of Khabarovsk during the Great Patriotic War”. At the same time, the Khabarovsk residents actively assisted the front with personal belongings and collections of medicinal plants.
The construction of a very important railway tunnel near Amur in Khabarovsk, which was completed two months before the start of the war is reflected in the thematic complex “The Tunnel under Amur river” recreates the image of this grandiose work of those years.
May 9, 1945 ended the Great Patriotic War. The famous Victory train arrived in Khabarovsk that day.
The thematic complex “Victory Train” shows the appearance of the train that arrived at the Khabarovsk railway station then.
The war ended in the West, but not in the East. In August, a war broke out with Japan, which ended on September 2, 1945. Many Khabarovsk residents participated in those battles, advancing deep into Manchuria as part of the Far Eastern fronts and the Red Banner Amur flotilla.
The thematic complex “Soviet-Japanese War” and “Amur Flotilla” includes rare exhibits related to those events - captured Japanese objects (flag, compass, saber, etc.), samples of Soviet weapons and uniforms.
The famous Khabarovsk trial of 1949 over the staff of the Japanese detachment 731 for the development of bacteriological weapons, which had been prepared for several years, summed up the outcome of the war. The thematic complex “Khabarovsk Process 1949” presents copies of photo documents and related genuine exhibits.
“Khabarovsk - a city of military glory”
This exhibition tells about the glorious events of the military past of the city of Khabarovsk, thanks to which the city received the title "City of Military Glory"
The exposition consists of two parts:
The first part is represented by 6 thematic complexes:
The first complex is dedicated to the events of the 17th century - the development of the Amur Region, the construction and protection of the Albazin fortress, the first explorers and E.P. Khabarov. Among other exhibits, it is worth highlighting the Manchurian single-blade sword of the Eight-Banner Army at the end of the 17th - 18th centuries. Russian pioneers encountered with the Eight-Banner Army in Amur Region in the 17th century.
The second complex reflects the military events of the second half of the XIX - early XX centuries. The complex includes exhibits reflecting the boxing uprising and the time of the Russo-Japanese War.
“Civil War and Intervention in the Far East” – you can see objects related to the hostilities of those years that were conducted directly in the city and its suburbs in the third complex,.
The fourth complex is the Great Patriotic War, which shows the participation of the city and citizens in the Great Patriotic War. It presents series of exhibits reflecting the events of the war years.
The fifth complex is dedicated to the events on Damansky Island in 1969. It contains personal belongings of the participants in this military conflict.
And the sixth complex shows the participation of Khabarovsk residents in local conflicts (Afghanistan) in the second half of the 20th century. It also presents authentic exhibits of the time.
An exact copy of the memorial column with the text of the decree of the President of the Russian Federation on conferring the city of Khabarovsk the title of “City of Military Glory” is reproduced in the central part of the exposition.
A map of the city indicating the location of the monuments to soldiers and events of the war years is in the second part of the exhibition.
"Khabarovsk in the 50-60s. XX century "
The first post-war decades - the era of rapid growth and development of the city. The city acquires many characteristic features in the years that are still significant.
The city launched an active production of civilian products at the leading enterprises of Khabarovsk - the plant named after Gorky, named after Molotov (Daldizel), and named after Kaganovich (Dalenergomash) in the postwar years. The thematic complex “Production” reflects these processes, documents, photo documents, as well as tools and a number of items from personal collections are presented.
The series of stands are dedicated to the development of various spheres of the city's life - transport, social, cultural. The huge changes that occurred in them can be seen in numerous copies of photo documents of that time. You can learn about the development of the cultural life of the city from the thematic complex "Culture", in which, among rare exhibits, it is worth noting the model of the monument to E.P. Khabarov at the Railway Station Square in Khabarovsk.
Certain aspects of the development of social life are shown in the thematic complex “Kiosk”, which gives an idea of what a typical food stall of the 1950s and 1960s was like.
The city's culture is undergoing a flourishing. This period is the time of active creative searches of many Khabarovsk writers and artists. An office with genuine objects from the personal collection of the writer is presented in the thematic complex "Apartment of the writer A.A. Vakhov".
You can see typical objects typical of that era, including such completely new objects of material culture, as one of the first Soviet television sets in the thematic complex “Apartment of the Khabarovsk citizen”.